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Why does Blood Pressure increase?

Understanding Hypertension: Factors Behind High Blood Pressure.
October 19, 2023

Blood pressure can increase due to a variety of factors. Some of the most common reasons include:

Arterial Stiffness

As people age, their arteries may lose elasticity, which can cause the blood vessels to become more rigid and less able to expand and contract as needed. This can cause an increase in blood pressure.

Increased Blood Volume

When there is an increase in blood volume due to factors such as excess salt intake, dehydration, or kidney disease, the heart has to work harder to pump the blood, leading to an increase in blood pressure.

Narrowing of Arteries

Narrowing of arteries due to buildup of plaque or cholesterol can increase blood pressure.

Stress and Anxiety

Stress and anxiety can cause a temporary increase in blood pressure due to the release of stress hormones such as adrenaline.

Genetic Factors

High blood pressure can run in families, so genetics can play a role in its development.

Other Health Conditions

Certain health conditions such as diabetes, sleep apnea, and kidney disease can contribute to high blood pressure.

Lifestyle Factors

Poor diet, lack of exercise, smoking, and excess alcohol consumption can also contribute to high blood pressure.

It is important to note that high blood pressure often has no symptoms, which is why it is often called the "silent killer". Regular check-ups with a healthcare professional are important to monitor and manage blood pressure levels.