The thyroid is a small gland located in the neck that produces hormones that regulate metabolism and other bodily functions. The hormonal changes that occur during menopause can have an impact on thyroid function and vice versa.
The decrease in estrogen levels can lead to changes in thyroid function, including an increased risk of developing hypothyroidism, which occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones. Symptoms of hypothyroidism include fatigue, weight gain, depression, and cold intolerance. Women who already have an underlying thyroid condition may experience worsening symptoms during menopause.
On the other hand, thyroid dysfunction can also impact menopause symptoms. For example, an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism) can cause hot flashes and sweating, which are common menopause symptoms.
You should have your thyroid function regularly monitored during menopause to detect any changes or issues early. Treatment options for thyroid dysfunction may include medication or hormone therapy.