During menopause, a woman's body goes through a variety of changes as the levels of estrogen and progesterone decrease. One of the most common symptoms is vaginal dryness and itchiness. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including changes in vaginal pH, decreased blood flow to the area, and thinning of the vaginal walls.
Estrogen helps to maintain the health and elasticity of vaginal tissue, as well as promoting blood flow to the area. Without sufficient estrogen, the vagina may become dry, thin, and easily irritated. This can lead to itching, burning, and discomfort during sex and other activities.
In addition, the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina may also be disrupted during menopause. This can lead to an overgrowth of harmful bacteria and an increased risk of vaginal infections, which can further contribute to itching and discomfort.
To manage vaginal dryness and itchiness, menopausal women can use lubricants and vaginal moisturizers to help provide relief and restore moisture to the area. Hormone replacement therapy may also be an option for women who experience more severe symptoms. Additionally, practising good hygiene and wearing cotton underwear can help to reduce the risk of infections and keep the area clean and dry.
Overall, while vaginal dryness and itchiness can be uncomfortable and frustrating, there are many strategies that can help women manage these symptoms and maintain their vaginal health during menopause.